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Jiří Kolář

 

  jiří kolář

Jiří Kolář (Protivín, 1914 – Prague, 2002) was one of the most important postwar poets/visual artists in Central Europe. A member of the avant-garde Group 42 (disbanded in 1948 following the Communist coup in Czechoslovakia), most of his major texts were composed in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1952, he was arrested, jailed, and branded an "enemy of the state" by the regime when the secret police discovered the manuscript to his prose and poetry collection Prometheus's Liver (which was partly inspired by Ladislav Klíma's writings). Kolář is, however, more well-known internationally for his collage innovations, including his famous series Weekly 1968. He developed a number of techniques for combining and maniupulating scraps of texts and images from a variety of sources to portray the destruction and fragmentation of the world around him, and by the 1970s his work was being exhibited throughout Europe. His signing of Charter 77 put him in direct opposition to the Communist regime, which ultimately forced him into exile. Kolář lived in Paris from 1980, but frequently visited Prague after the Velvet Revolution in 1989, spending his final few years in the city.

   

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